VAERS accepts reports of adverse events and reactions that occur following vaccination. Healthcare providers, vaccine manufacturers, and the public can submit reports to the system. While very important in monitoring vaccine safety, VAERS reports alone cannot be used to determine if a vaccine caused or contributed to an adverse event or illness. The reports may contain information that is incomplete, inaccurate, coincidental, or unverifiable. In large part, reports to VAERS are voluntary, which means they are subject to biases. This creates specific limitations on how the data can be used scientifically. Data from VAERS reports should always be interpreted with these limitations in mind.
The strengths of VAERS are that it is national in scope and can quickly provide an early warning of a safety problem with a vaccine. As part of CDC and FDA’s multi-system approach to post-licensure vaccine safety monitoring, VAERS is designed to rapidly detect unusual or unexpected patterns of adverse events, also known as “safety signals.” If a safety signal is found in VAERS, further studies can be done in safety systems such as the CDC’s Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) or the Clinical Immunization Safety Assessment (CISA) project. These systems do not have the same scientific limitations as VAERS, and can better assess health risks and possible connections between adverse events and a vaccine.
Key considerations and limitations of VAERS data:
VAERS data available to the public include only the initial report data to VAERS. Updated data which contains data from medical records and corrections reported during follow up are used by the government for analysis. However, for numerous reasons including data consistency, these amended data are not available to the public.
Syncope; Acute stress reaction; This is a spontaneous report received from a contactable reporter(s) (Physician) from Regulatory Authority. Regulatory number: 21-09-01585A (Regulatory Agency). A 17 year-old female patient received bnt162b2 (COMIRNATY) (Batch/Lot number: unknown) at the age of 17 years as dose number unknown, single for covid-19 immunisation. The patient's relevant medical history and concomitant medications were not reported. The following information was reported: SYNCOPE (medically significant), 5 minutes after the suspect product administration, outcome "recovered", described as "Syncope"; ACUTE STRESS DISORDER (medically significant), 5 minutes after the suspect product administration, outcome "recovered", described as "Acute stress reaction". Physician considered relatedness as Probable for Syncope; Probable for Acute stress reaction. No follow-up attempts are possible; information about lot/batch number cannot be obtained. No further information is expected.
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